Competition for young children is not about winning at all cost, aggression or rivalries. It is about enjoying the challenge of playing games and putting their skills into practice in a fun, social and often team environment.
It is absolutely clear that at a young age, many of the world's best players had a coach who would de-emphasise results. After a win or loss these coaches would focus the player on their actual performance and how to improve, rather than worry about the result.
ITF Executive Director of Development
Players age 10 yrs and under should not train with a regular yellow ball on a full court but instead train and compete with a red (mini), orange (midi court) and green (full court) ball on the appropriate size court.
Using these slower balls will help players develop the most efficient technique, and implement advanced tactics that would not be preformed using yellow ball on full court. Also using the correct ball because its travelling slower will help develop player's reception skills.
i.e. Judging the balls
When a player can read these signals early they can position to play ball and react early (receiving skills), which allows them to have time to control the ball back to the opposite court (sending skills).
Using modified rackets appropriate to the height of the player is also a vital part in developing a players technique and tactical game not to mention the players physical development.
i.e. co-ordination and developing the kinetic chain.
As a guideline see table below:
|Red Ball||5-8||Up to 23 in||Mini Court 11/12m x 5/6m|
|Orange Ball||8 - 10||23 - 25 in||Midi Court 18m x 6.5-8.23m|
|Green Ball||9 - 10||25 -26 in||Full Court|
|Yellow Ball||11+||26 -29 in||Full Court|